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Waterstof auto, redding van de autobranche?

307 Posts
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  1. forum rang 10 voda 21 februari 2022 09:11
    Aberdeen City Council adds Hyzon Hydrogen Waste Truck

    Strategic Research Institute
    Published on :
    21 Feb, 2022, 5:30 am

    The UK’s first hydrogen-fuelled waste collection vehicle was revealed in Aberdeen, in a move which continues to accelerate the city’s thriving hydrogen economy. While typical waste trucks are powered by diesel and petrol, the new waste truck will use green hydrogen from existing refuelling infrastructure in Aberdeen. The truck will start collecting waste and recycling around the city from early March and will be the first hydrogen-powered waste truck to become operational in the UK. It will initially cover wheeled bins in Garthdee, Kincorth, Bridge of Don, Newhills, Woodside/Hilton, Mastrick, Milltimber, and Rubislaw before moving to mixed recycling and bulk bins on other routes.

    These journeys will not only result in estimated emissions savings of over 25kg CO2e/litre across a year, based on a diesel truck on similar routes, but will also collect data which will allow further rollouts of hydrogen-fuelled waste trucks in the future.

    The hydrogen fuel cell waste truck is one of seven which will be deployed across seven pilot sites in northwest Europe, including the Netherlands, France, Belgium and Germany. Each truck will be tested in a range of environments from rural areas to city centres, demonstrating that hydrogen waste trucks provide an effective solution to reduce emissions from road transport.

    The arrival of the waste truck follows a host of major hydrogen announcements by Aberdeen City Council in recent months, including the world’s first hydrogen double decker buses becoming operational, new funding secured for hydrogen projects and most recently, the appointment of international energy company, bp, as strategic commercial partner for the development of the transformative Aberdeen Hydrogen Hub.
  2. forum rang 10 voda 23 februari 2022 08:03
    Yamaha to Develop Hydrogen Engine for Toyota

    Strategic Research Institute
    Published on :
    23 Feb, 2022, 5:30 am

    Yamaha has revealed plans to develop a V8 high-performance hydrogen engine in which to support carbon-neutrality targets. Being commissioned by Toyota Motor Corporation, the partnership will look to develop a five-litre hydrogen internal combustion engine that can then be used within multiple vehicles in Japan. The unit is based on the five-litre engine in the Lexus RC F luxury sport coupe, with modifications made to the injectors, cylinder heads, intake manifold, and more, and delivers up to 450 hp at 6,800 rpm and a maximum 540 Nm of torque of at 3,600 rpm.

    Yamaha Motor Co is bolstering its research and development facilities for powertrain technologies aimed at achieving carbon neutrality, such as electric motors and hydrogen engines, throughout the duration of its new Medium-Term Management Plan 2022–2024. This expansion will install in stages various new equipment, including electric motor test benches, hydrogen supply equipment, and carbon-neutral fuel storage tanks, at Building No. 32, which was completed at the Company’s headquarters last year. Once finished, the facility will play a leading role in implementing green technology measures for Yamaha products across the board.
  3. forum rang 10 voda 23 februari 2022 08:11
    FlatHyStor Flat Hydrogen Storage Solution for FCVs

    Strategic Research Institute
    Published on :
    23 Feb, 2022, 5:30 am

    Robert Bosch GmbH, BMW AG, Hexagon Purus & TesTneT are working together on a flat hydrogen storage project called FlatHyStor. Together, the companies are seeking to develop a flat hydrogen storage solution that will be used in future fuel cell passenger vehicles. FlatHyStor aims to come up with a Functional design and testing of an innovative hydrogen tank system. The idea behind the solution the consortium is developing is to store H2 in the flat space of the light-duty vehicle underbody of a passenger car, which would typically have been meant for battery electric vehicle, where the battery modules would e integrated.

    FlatHyStor is moving forward under BMW AG’s leadership. It will be responsible for the coordination of the various activities. Moreover, it will also be providing the technical specifications for the H2 storage system’s integration and application.

    The responsibilities of the other members of the consortium include Hexagon Purus’ development of the high-pressure H2 cylinders in addition to the vehicle integration structure that will be required. Robert Bosch GmbH is going to be developing the necessary advanced tank valve. It will also take on the development of a high-pressure regulator technology. Finally, TesTneT Engineering GmbH will be adopting the responsibility of delivering the storage component validation according to the latest standard and codes evaluations.

    The first FlatHyStor prototypes for the 700-bar high-pressure hydrogen storage systems are set to be ready for delivery by the end of this year. The researchers are hoping the result will offer a more practical solution to contain the H2 in fuel cell vehicles. Currently, at this early stage of the project, it is unclear specifically what passenger vehicle or model the solution is being developed to suit.

    The funding for the project comes from German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy BMWi in the form of a EUR 6 million grant.
  4. forum rang 10 voda 28 februari 2022 06:03
    Hyzon to Supply Hydrogen Trucks to MaserFrakt in Sweden

    Strategic Research Institute
    Published on :
    28 Feb, 2022, 5:30 am

    Leading supplier of hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric vehicles Hyzon Motors Inc announced the signing of a vehicle supply agreement between MaserFrakt, a major Swedish transport group, and Hyzon Motors Europe BV, Hyzon’s joint venture with Holthausen Clean Technology Investment BV. The collaboration marks a milestone in enabling emission-free long-haul transport in Sweden, as it is expected to bring the first hydrogen-powered heavy trucks in commercial operation to the country. Under the contract, Hyzon will supply two HyMax-250 fuel cell electric trucks, built on a 6×4 vehicle chassis. Through 98 kilograms of hydrogen stored onboard, the 64-ton trucks are expected to have a range of up to 680 kilometers.

    Leading the transition to sustainable commercial transport in Sweden, MaserFrakt has already established a fleet of 1500 vehicles, half of which already operate without fossil fuels; the Hyzon vehicles are expected to be the first fuel cell electric vehicles in the fleet. Further, MaserFrakt has already announced plans to support hydrogen infrastructure development, through agreements for hydrogen supply with Svea Vind Offshore and a hydrogen filling station with NEL.
  5. forum rang 10 voda 3 maart 2022 07:29
    VDI & VDE for Hydrogen Powered Commercial Vehicles in EU

    Strategic Research Institute
    Published on :
    03 Mar, 2022, 5:30 am

    On the way to climate neutrality, according to EU specifications, CO2 emissions from heavy commercial vehicles are to be reduced by 30 percent by 2030. To achieve this goal, around 200,000 emission-free trucks would have to be in use in Europe by 2030. This is the result of the new VDI/VDE study "Climate-friendly commercial vehicles - comparison of different technology paths for CO2-neutral and CO2-free drives".

    In order to meet the EU requirements, VDI and VDE clearly rely on fuel cell drives for long-distance transport of heavy commercial vehicles and battery-electric drives for small commercial vehicles in urban areas. Battery vehicles are generally more efficient, but fuel cell vehicles have advantages in terms of range and refueling time. The range in particular poses a challenge for battery-powered commercial vehicles. They struggle with the battery weights on board and a long charging time. Hydrogen can solve the problem here because it has a greater energy density.

    The charging and filling station infrastructure for commercial vehicles also does not meet operational requirements. “The recent political plan to no longer promote the construction and operation of hydrogen filling stations would have fatal consequences. In this way, politicians are obstructing the EU requirements for reducing CO2 emissions from heavy trucks,” warns Martin Pokojski, Chairman of the VDI/VDE Technical Committee for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles. "Now is the right time to further expand existing hydrogen filling stations and to add new ones."

    The charging stations and hydrogen filling stations currently do not meet the requirements of heavy commercial vehicles. The current 90,700 bar filling stations are only suitable for trucks to a limited extent in terms of the quantities required and the speed with which they can be filled up.

    By 2030, 70 truck-compatible H2 filling stations would have to be set up in Germany, distributed evenly across the motorway network. Only 25 of the 16,100 charging points are currently suitable for trucks with batteries. To cover just 5 percent of the vehicle population, 1,200 charging points with a charging capacity of 720 kW would be required.

    According to VDI and VDE, another problem is that the costs for climate-friendly commercial vehicles are still too high. Only when the operating costs for freight forwarders, consumers and industry are within acceptable limits will they switch to climate-friendly commercial vehicles. The associations assume that manufacturing costs will fall as a result of mass production and that the competitiveness of diesel vehicles will decrease as a result of CO2 taxes and access restrictions

    The authors of the study agree: In the medium to long term, climate-friendly commercial vehicles can help to reduce the economic costs in the area of mobility compared to the status quo. The areas of research and development in particular need funding to develop innovative technologies in commercial vehicle production. This would also accelerate competitiveness. In addition, tax incentives are needed so that fleet operations, for example in inner-city areas, increasingly switch to electrified commercial vehicles.
  6. forum rang 10 voda 7 maart 2022 08:06
    ÖBB Postbus Signs Pact for Zero-Emission Solaris Buses

    Strategic Research Institute
    Published on :
    07 Mar, 2022, 5:30 am

    Solaris Bus & Coach sp zoo has signed another framework agreement with the Austrian bus company Österreichische Postbus AG. It stipulates a possibility to deliver up to 106 battery-electric and hydrogen buses that would be deployed throughout Austria. The models offered include Urbino 9 LE electric and Urbino 12 hydrogen buses. The agreement envisages deliveries in the years 2022-2025.

    In February this year, Solaris and Österreichische Postbus AG, the largest bus company in Austria and a leader in regional public bus transport, concluded a framework agreement for the delivery of up to 106 state-of-the-art and environmentally friendly buses. Possible orders are to be fulfilled in the years 2022-2025 with an option to prolong this period until 2028. Buses to be purchased by the client include up to 24 of the latest, zero-emission Urbino 9 LE electric buses, and up to 82 Urbino 12 hydrogen buses.

    The Solaris hydrogen buses offered under the agreement are the most innovative vehicles in the manufacturer’s range. Thanks to their extremely quiet operation and no local emissions, the buses have become increasingly popular among European carriers. The framework agreement is yet another agreement for hydrogen buses concluded between Österreichische Postbus AG und Solaris. The previous contract signed in February 2021 assumed, among other things, the delivery of up to 40 Solaris Urbino 12 hydrogen buses.

    The energy that powers the hydrogen buses is generated by 70 kW fuel cells. Electricity, produced via reverse electrolysis, is transferred directly to the driveline, consisting of an axle with electric motors. The sole by-products generated during this process are heat and steam. The hydrogen needed to propel the bus will be stored in gaseous form in five tanks with a total volume of 1560 litres, mounted on the bus’s roof. Additionally, every ordered vehicle will be equipped with a Solaris High Power battery.

    The contract also provides for the possibility to purchase Urbino 9 LE electric buses, the youngest member of the electric Solaris family, which was launched in September 2021. This versatile model has been designed in such a way that it can be adapted for class I or class II type approval. Thus, the bus provides an excellent link between the urban and suburban road networks. Thanks to its compact dimensions, the vehicle will perform excellently on steep climbs and on tight mountain bends in Austria. These 9-metre buses will be equipped with a central electric motor. The propulsion system will be powered by energy derived from a set of Solaris High Energy batteries with a total capacity of about 280 kWh, and the spacious interior will take at least 65 passengers. The modernised design in the rear of the bus provides more headroom, which will enhance the quality of the journey.
  7. forum rang 10 voda 9 maart 2022 08:05
    Solaris Urbino Hydrogen Bus Trial Starts in Jaworzno

    Strategic Research Institute
    Published on :
    09 Mar, 2022, 5:30 am

    The city of Jaworzno has started testing one of the most technologically advanced Solaris vehicles, the Urbino 12 hydrogen bus. The trials will last four weeks. Local transport operator PKM Jaworzno has been setting standards in the successful implementation of e-mobility for many years. Now, the carrier wants to learn all about what the deployment of hydrogen has to offer in urban transport.

    Public transport operator PKM Jaworzno is just starting test rides of the Solaris Urbino 12 hydrogen bus. They will last four weeks, from 2 to 31 March. The bus is to be put in service, among other places, on the most commonly used routes in Jaworzno, connecting the largest residential districts of the city. It will operate 7 days a week, all day long, above all on bus routes 303 and 307. This will provide numerous possibilities to travel on this unique vehicle and to learn more about hydrogen technology. Hydrogen refilling will take place at a mobile station run by industrial company AirProducts.

    The basic equipment featured on the hydrogen-powered Urbino buses includes ultra-modern packs of 70 kW fuel cells and five composite tanks for hydrogen storage, with a total capacity of 1560 l, placed on the bus roof, as well as two e-motors of 125 kW each. Hydrogen stored in gaseous form in tanks is directed to a fuel cell where electricity is produced as a result of a reaction whereby hydrogen combines with oxygen. This electricity is then transferred to the driveline. Due to the technology applied, the bus is capable of covering 350 km on a single refill, and the sole by-products generated during the process are heat and steam.

    Operator PKM Jaworzno and Solaris Bus & Coach have been continuously collaborating for 21 years now. So far, over 80 Urbino buses sporting the operator’s distinctive colours have been plying the streets of the city, of which over half are zero-emission electric vehicles. In 2022, the company will be operating a staggering 50 e-buses.
  8. forum rang 10 voda 10 maart 2022 08:45
    Russell to Bring Hyzon Hydrogen-Trucks to UK

    Strategic Research Institute
    Published on :
    10 Mar, 2022, 5:30 am

    Leading supplier of hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric vehicles Hyzon Motors Inc announced a memorandum of understanding with John G Russell Transport, one of the top fifty British logistics groups, to facilitate the deployment of hydrogen-powered, zero-emissions vehicles in the United Kingdom. Leveraging their complementary expertise, the companies aim to enable the transition to zero-emission commercial trucks for fleet owners and operators in the UK by providing vehicle sales, leasing, and service support. Focusing on medium and heavy trucks, Hyzon and Russell will collaborate to develop product and distribution pathways aligned with UK demand.

    Hyzon is currently developing a 44-tonne, 6×2 tractor to UK market specifications, which Hyzon and Russell expect to deploy in trials this year. Through a network of locations owned and shared with partners, Russell will provide sales, service and parts support to customers. Hyzon and Russell are also evaluating leasing and financing opportunities, thereby reducing required initial capital investment and facilitating the adoption of hydrogen-powered vehicles.

    “Working together with Russell, Hyzon will expand its crucial work of decarbonizing heavy transport in the United Kingdom,” said Craig Knight, Hyzon CEO and Co-Founder. “Russell’s strong relationships and market insight throughout the logistics industry are invaluable as we seek to transition commercial trucking to Hyzon vehicles in the coming years. By collaborating on the ecosystem surrounding the vehicles, we make it easy for fleet owners to decarbonize their operations.”
  9. forum rang 10 voda 10 maart 2022 08:46
    Solaris to Supply Hydrogen Buses to to Palma de Mallorca

    Strategic Research Institute
    Published on :
    10 Mar, 2022, 5:30 am

    Solaris has won a tender for the delivery of five hydrogen-powered Urbino 12 hydrogen buses to Palma de Mallorca, the capital of the island of Mallorca. The contract is worth about EUR 4 million. The Board of Directors of EMT-Palma, a municipal transport company in Palma de Mallorca, has decided to purchase five hydrogen-powered, absolutely zero-emission Solaris vehicles. This investment is part of the “Green Hyslan” project, financed with EU funds. The project objective seeks to promote the development of clean energy as part of initiatives aimed at combating climate change by 2050. As a result of the planned activities, the Spanish island is to become a European benchmark in terms of using zero-emission energy.

    Hydrogen buses are an essential part of Solaris’s e-mobility offering and an attractive proposition for towns and cities that are striving to achieve zero-emission public transport systems. The highly technologically-advanced Urbino 12 hydrogen bus was launched in 2019 at the UITP Global Public Transport Summit in Stockholm as a complement to battery-electric products. The launch of another vehicle of this type, the articulated Urbino 18 hydrogen bus, is slated for the 2nd half of 2022.

    The Solaris Urbino 12 hydrogen bus performs outstandingly in city spaces. It produces no local emissions because the sole by-product of the chemical reaction that takes place in the hydrogen fuel cell is water. Thanks to the employment of advanced technologies it guarantees a range of up to 350 km. The refuelling takes only a few minutes, which makes the bus very easy to handle and provides flexibility for local transport operators. Compared to diesel vehicles, it produces only slight vibrations and the noise level is barely noticeable.

    At present, Solaris Urbino 12 hydrogen buses can be seen, for example, on the streets of Bolzano in Italy, Cologne and Wuppertal in Germany as well as in the province of South Holland in the Netherlands. Now these places will be joined by the over 800,000-strong city of Palma de Mallorca, the capital of one of the most famous tourist islands in Europe.
  10. forum rang 10 voda 16 maart 2022 16:00
    'Waterstof voor personenauto’s slaat helemaal nergens op'

    Categorie: Interview, Redactioneel
    Door Coen Grutters op woensdag 16 maart 2022
    Views: 15.924

    "Waterstof voor personenauto’s is absoluut een gelopen race. Het wordt niks en het werd ook nooit wat", stelt autojournalist Werner Budding in een interview met IEX. Hoogleraar autotechniek Maarten Steinbuch, met wie ook gesproken werd, gaat daar volledig in mee: "Waterstof voor personenauto’s slaat helemaal nergens op."

    "Om waterstof te maken heb je drie keer zoveel elektriciteit nodig als dat je uiteindelijk tankt. De businesscase is gewoon niet goed", stelt Steinbuch, die als hoogleraar verbonden is aan de Technische Universiteit Eindhoven. Hij verdiept zich als wetenschapper onder andere in automotive engineering en legt daarbij de focus op duurzaam rijden.

    Omdat het geproduceerd moet worden, is waterstof dus geen energiebron. Men moet het meer zien als energie-opslag zoals een batterij dat ook is. Om die reden is de zware industrie volgens Steinbuch wel gebaat bij waterstof. Hiermee kan worden voldaan aan de seizoensgebonden vraag naar energie van bijvoorbeeld hoogovens en kunstmestfabrieken.

    Kunstmatige kerosine
    Batterijen zijn overigens niet overal de oplossing voor. "Voor intercontinentaal vliegverkeer zijn batterijen ongeschikt, maar ook waterstof is daarbij niet de oplossing, want dat is te volumineus."

    Voor deze sector zijn zogeheten solar fuels de oplossing. Op duurzame wijze wordt waterstof geproduceerd en CO2 uit de lucht gehaald om samen kerosine te maken waar vliegtuigen op kunnen vliegen. "Voor containerscheepvaart en langeafstandsvluchten is dit de oplossing. Voor wegtransport is een batterij-elektrische aandrijving de oplossing."

    Werner Budding, autojournalist en medeoprichter van het platform, heeft al ruim dertien jaar ervaring als presentator van diverse autoprogramma’s. Hij is nog wat sceptisch over de elektrische aandrijving in de transportsector. "Het is vooralsnog niet ideaal. Vrachtauto’s moeten volgepropt worden met accu’s voor een beetje actieradius, het probleem is dat die accu’s enorm zwaar zijn", vertelt hij.

    "Het economisch model bij vrachtverkeer is zoveel mogelijk lading meenemen, maar dat wordt door die zware accu’s dus beperkt", gaat Budding verder. "Dan is de vrachtauto dus duur, komt-ie niet heel ver en kan je niet veel meenemen. Dat is dus nog niet echt een goed verdienmodel." Regelgeving en doorontwikkeling van de batterijen zouden in de toekomst een oplossing kunnen bieden voor dit probleem.

    Beleggen in waterstof
    Net als Budding is niet iedereen zo stellig als Steinbuch over de toekomst van waterstof. Zo investeert Shell niet alleen grote sommen geld in batterij-elektrisch rijden, maar ook in waterstoftechnologie. De energiegigant heeft waterstofopslagtanks geplaatst in het zonnige Californië en het vaak minder zonnige Verenigd Koninkrijk. Daarnaast heeft Shell bij drie Nederlandse tankstations een waterstofvulpunt én gaat het een groene waterstof-fabriek bouwen in Rotterdam.

    “Verschillende bedrijven uit de energie- en transportsector hebben waterstofgerelateerde projecten lopen, maar die wegen in verhouding tot de rest van de bedrijfsactiviteiten onvoldoende zwaar door om van een ‘pure play’ investering te spreken”, schreef grondstoffenspecialist Koen Lauwers recent in zijn column ‘Beleggen in waterstof’.

    Het volledige interview met Steinbuch en Budding leest u hier. Daarin geven zij onder andere aan in welke automerken zij de meeste toekomst zien.
  11. forum rang 10 voda 22 maart 2022 07:29
    Italian Students & Alpine Unveil Hydrogen Concept Car

    Strategic Research Institute
    Published on :
    22 Mar, 2022, 5:30 am

    Twenty-eight Masters students studying Transportation Design at the Istituto Europeo di Design in Italy presented their own new take on the concept of sportiness with the A4810 Project by IED, a hydrogen-powered concept car, based on a brief from the Alpine design team. This is a car that embraces next-generation technologies while also championing the traditional characteristics of the French brand that was founded in 1955. The young designers created the A4810 Project by IED: a light yet powerful and agile concept car that boasts pure driving pleasure. During the design phase, the students sought to combine vision and innovation, without losing sight of the traditional roots of the French car manufacturer.

    Furthermore, they chose a name that conveyed the brand’s legacy. In fact, 4810 is the height (in meters) of the Mont Blanc: the highest and most emblematic peak in the Alps that sits at the border between Italy and France, like a bridge connecting IED and Alpine. The car manufacturer is named after the very same mountains and evokes the joy of driving along their winding roads.

    The Alpine A4810 Project by IED (length 5,091 mm, width 2,010 mm, height 1,055 mm, wheelbase 2,717 mm) is a two-seater supercar with the experimental combination of the shape of a berlinette with a hydrogen powertrain. While the engine and fuel tanks are built like those on a typical hypercar, the subtraction process is proof of considerable innovation. The design alternates between empty and full spaces, giving the vehicle a lightweight look and aerodynamic features inspired by Formula 1 models. Furthermore, the A4810 Project by IED was tasked with bringing the brand to the cusp of the sports car category.

    The French spirit has been skilfully preserved: while avoiding the pitfalls of unnecessary formal elements, designers focussed on the overlapping layers and sculptural aspects of the car’s silhouette. The bi-tone colours, matte black, and carbon fibre highlights create a bold contrast with each part of the car, making them stand out according to their function: aerodynamic, mechanical, or merely formal.

    The team of students used digital tools to design the interior through sketches, 3D models, renderings, animations, and HMI (Human Machine Interface) development. In incorporating hydrogen power supply, it means that they developed a full-fledged concept that is almost ready to take to the roads of a much more sustainable future, one without emissions.
  12. forum rang 10 voda 23 maart 2022 15:48
    Toyota maakt stappen met waterstof-verbrandingsmotor
    Lars Krijgsman 5 uur geleden

    Omdat de elektrische auto de komende decennia niet overal ter wereld in kan burgeren zet Toyota volop in op de ontwikkeling van verbrandingsmotoren die alternatieve brandstoffen lusten. Het merk heeft onder meer een verbrandingsmotor die waterstof lust op de planken liggen. Met een Corolla met een dergelijke krachtbron scheurt Toyota in de Japanse Super Taiky-raceserie al over de circuits. In korte tijd heeft het merk de techniek al fors weten te verbeteren.

    © Aangeboden door AutoWeek
    Toyota was een van de fabrikanten die vorig jaar tijdens de Klimaatconferentie van Glasgow besloot de Glasgow Declaration on Zero Emission Cars and Vans niet te ondertekenen. Fabrikanten die de verklaring ondertekenen, geven daarmee aan zich toe te leggen op het voor 2040 volledig uitfaseren van personenauto's en bedrijfswagens met verbrandingsmotoren. Toyota gaf aan dat er in onder meer Azië, Latijns-Amerika en Afrika tegen 2040 nog geen geschikte infrastructuur is om de verbrandingsmotor aan de wilgen te hangen. Samen met Subaru, Mazda, Yamaha en Kawasaki werkt Toyota aan de toekomst van de verbrandingsmotor, een toekomst waarbij CO2-neutrale brandstoffen de verbrandingskamers ingaan. Toyota doet in de Japanse Super Taikyu-raceserie met auto's met drie typen verbrandingsmotoren mee, waaronder een Corolla met een verbrandingsmotor die waterstof verbrandt. Die innovatieve krachtbron is in een relatief korte tijd al aanzienlijk verbeterd.

    © Aangeboden door AutoWeek
    In 2021 knalde een Toyota Corolla met een waterstof-verbrandingsmotor tijdens vier races over de Japanse circuits. Dit jaar moet de Corolla met deze nieuwe aandrijflijn in alle zeven races van de Super Takyu-serie meedoen. In de zes maanden die vorig jaar tussen de eerste en laatste race zat waarin de 'waterstof-Corolla' meedeed, is het vermogen en koppel van de aandrijflijn met achtereenvolgens 24 en 33 procent verbeterd. Wat kracht betreft, moet de machine nu niet meer onderdoen voor een conventionele benzinemotor. Hoewel Toyota de actieradius van de speciale Corolla sinds de laatste race met 20 procent heeft vergroot, geeft het merk aan dat het bereik nog niet op het gewenste niveau ligt en dat het werkt aan het sneller laten verlopen van het tankproces.

    Toyota GR86 CNF

    Toyota heeft ook een interessante GR86 klaargestoomd voor de Taikyu-raceserie. De net als de Corolla met waterstofmotor door raceteam ORC Rookie rond te jagen GR86 CNF (Carbon Neutral Fuel) heeft namelijk een geblazen 1.4 onder de kap die een afgeleide is van de machine van de GR Yaris en de waterstof-Corolla. Deze 1.4 gebruikt synthetische 'CO2-neutrale biomassabrandstof', zo meldt Toyota. Volgens Toyota stoot de auto wel degelijk CO2 uit, maar wordt de balans rechtgezet doordat bij het verkrijgen van op biomassa gebaseerde brandstof CO2 uit de atmosfeer is onttrokken. Ook een GR86 met conventionele benzinemotor geeft tijdens de Taikyu-serie acte de présence.
  13. forum rang 10 voda 28 maart 2022 09:43
    ‘Ford patenteert turbo-verbrandingsmotor op waterstof’
    Jan Lemkes 19 min geleden

    Volgens een Amerikaanse website heeft Ford een techniek gepatenteerd die het makkelijker moet maken om waterstof als brandstof in een verbrandingsmotor te gebruiken. Interessant, want voor zover wij wisten zette ook Ford vooral in op de batterij-elektrische auto.

    © Aangeboden door AutoWeek
    Ford zou een methode hebben vastgelegd om de verhouding tussen brandstof en lucht in de verbrandingskamers beter te regelen bij gebruik van waterstof als brandstof in een turbo-benzinemotor. In het kort zou het erop neerkomen dat de waterstofmotor een veel armer mengsel moet en kan gebruiken, dus meer lucht bij de brandstof mengt. Dat zou onder meer pingelen tegengaan, wat bij een verbrandingsmotor op waterstof door de snellere verbranding van waterstof ten opzichte van benzine al snel een probleem wordt.

    Het interessantste van het nieuws, ontdekt door, is echter dat er bij Ford kennelijk op zijn minst één iemand bezig is met het onderzoeken van brandstofmotoren op waterstof. Waterstof staat als geheel immers – buiten een beperkt aantal merken – niet meer echt in de belangstelling bij autofabrikanten. Bovendien is de veruit populairste toepassing die met een brandstofcel, dus in feite een EV die aan boord omzet in elektriciteit, waar de auto dan als EV - elektrisch dus – op rijdt.

    Het concept met waterstof als brandstof is heel anders, en is in het verleden sporadisch gebruikt door autofabrikanten. Interessant genoeg was er in 1807 al een verbrandingsmotor op waterstof, één van de eerste verbrandingsmotoren ooit. In de moderne tijd is het vooral BMW die veel tijd heeft gespendeerd aan het ontdekken van deze techniek, onder meer met een vloot van vijftien 750hL’s op basis van de 7-serie van generatie E38. Deze auto’s konden zowel op benzine als op waterstof rijden.

    Denkbare voordelen van het gebruik van waterstof als brandstof kunnen worden gezocht in het feit dat er grotendeels gebruik wordt gemaakt van bekende en traditionele techniek, maar natuurlijk ook in een stuk beleving. Motorgeluid, motorkarakter en wellicht zelfs handgeschakelde versnellingsbakken kunnen immers behouden worden. Wellicht onderzoekt Ford juist voor die laatste categorie deze methode, omdat dit immers een schone manier is om de verbrandingsmotor voor een groep liefhebbers (of conservatievelingen) te laten voortbestaan. Nu zijn we echter aan het speculeren, maar het zou zeker leuk zijn om in de toekomst meer te horen over dit concept. Dat gebeurde trouwens vorige week ook al, want ook Toyota is nog niet klaar met het combineren van waterstof en cilinders.
  14. forum rang 5 DurianCS 28 maart 2022 12:10

    voda schreef op 28 maart 2022 09:43:

    ‘Ford patenteert turbo-verbrandingsmotor op waterstof’
    Jan Lemkes 19 min geleden

    Volgens een Amerikaanse website heeft Ford een techniek gepatenteerd die het makkelijker moet maken om waterstof als brandstof in een verbrandingsmotor te gebruiken. Interessant, want voor zover wij wisten zette ook Ford vooral in op de batterij-elektrische auto.
    Ja, dit is interessant, en Toyota is er ook al heel ver mee. Ik verwacht dat dit een oplossing kan zijn voor de extreme sportwagens (Ferrari, Lamborghini etc.). En eigenlijk niet onverwacht, want lpg was ook nooit een probleem.
  15. forum rang 10 voda 29 maart 2022 11:22
    ’Groen alternatief voor de dieselauto’
    Autoclub in rapport: meer pompstations nodig voor waterstof

    4 min geleden

    DEN HAAG - Om te zorgen dat er meer auto’s komen die op waterstof rijden, moeten er snel meer pompstations komen waar kan worden getankt. Nu kan dat nog maar op twaalf plaatsen, wat de groei van het vervoermiddel dwarszit.

    KNAC-directeur Peter Staal: „De waterstofauto is naast een plezierig en milieuvriendelijk vervoermiddel ook een ambassadeur van de transitie naar een waterstofeconomie.” KNAC

    Dat stelt de Koninklijke Nederlandsche Automobiel Club (KNAC) in een rapport dat dinsdag aan de vaste Kamercommissie van Infrastructuur en Waterstaat wordt aangeboden. „We zien het als onze taak om aanjager en bemiddelaar te zijn van innovaties. Die rol vervulden we ook al in 1898 bij de opkomst van de auto als vervanger van paardenkoetsen, en dat willen we nu weer doen”, zegt directeur Peter Staal.

    „De waterstofauto gaat geen vervoermiddel worden voor het grote publiek, maar de verwachting is dat het een aandeel van 10 tot 15 procent in de automarkt zal bereiken. Het is naast een plezierig en milieuvriendelijk vervoermiddel ook een ambassadeur van de transitie naar een waterstofeconomie. In het gebruik wordt hij gezien als het groene alternatief voor de dieselauto”, meent Staal.

    ’Grote actieradius’
    „Belangrijk voordeel van de waterstofauto ten opzichte van de stekkerwagen is dat die niet hoeft te worden opgeladen en daardoor de te verwachten overbelasting van het elektriciteitsnet, zeker op de piekmomenten, tegengaat”, aldus Staal. „Daarnaast is de waterstofauto vanwege de grote actieradius en het snelle tanken zeer geschikt voor mensen die veel rijden en frequent op de weg zitten.”

    Staal: „Maar de onbekendheid met waterstof is nog groot, en daarin willen wij ook in Den Haag verandering brengen. Wij zijn een autoclub en het maakt ons niet uit op welke brandstof wordt gereden, maar we willen wel dat iedereen bediend kan worden. Net zoals we ons blijven inzetten voor de eigenaren van oldtimers, dat die te allen tijde moeten kunnen blijven tanken.”

    ’Zwaar vervoer’
    Deze week spreekt de Kamercommissie over duurzaam vervoer met staatssecretaris Vivianne Heijnen van Infrastructuur en Waterstaat (IenW). „Het kabinet wil dat in 2050 al het verkeer op de weg zonder uitlaatgassen rijdt. Dat is belangrijk voor het klimaat, maar ook voor de schone lucht. Of dat batterij-elektrisch, op waterstof, of met een andere techniek is, maakt niet uit. Het kabinet ziet vooral toekomst voor waterstof op het gebied van zwaar vervoer, zoals zware vrachtauto’s en bouwmachines, die lang achter elkaar zwaar werk moeten leveren. Voor die categorie voertuigen en machines is ook subsidie beschikbaar”, meldt een zegsman van het ministerie.

    Voor de aanschaf van personenauto’s die geen uitlaatgassen produceren, kunnen particulieren sinds enkele jaren ook subsidie krijgen. „Deze regeling geldt net zo goed voor waterstofauto’s, mits niet duurder dan 45.000 euro. Daardoor vallen waterstofauto’s af, net als de duurdere elektrische auto’s. Als er dus waterstofauto’s op de markt komen die beneden die prijs zitten, kunnen mensen die ook met subsidie aanschaffen”, aldus de IenW-woordvoerder.

    Volgens hoogleraar Maarten Steinbuch van de TU Eindhoven komt het niet zover. „Waterstof blijft als energiebron gewoon ongeveer even duur als fossiele brandstoffen en zal vooral in de zware industrie uitkomst gaan bieden als groene krachtbron. Maar voor de vervoerssector zie ik geen belangrijke rol weggelegd in de toekomst. Dan geloof ik meer in de batterij voor de elektrische auto die steeds beter wordt en sneller op te laden is.”
  16. forum rang 10 voda 19 april 2022 07:46
    Hyundai Recalls 54 Nexo Vehicles for Possible Hydrogen Leak

    Strategic Research Institute
    Published on :
    18 Apr, 2022, 6:30 am

    Hyundai is recalling 54 examples of the 2019 Nexo hydrogen-fuel-cell-powered crossover because of the possibility of leaking hydrogen, which could lead to a fire. These vehicles have production dates from August 10, 2018, to December 17, 2018. according to the filing with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the receptacle filter can detach immediately after filling with hydrogen. This could cause the refueling inlet not to seal correctly. If this occurs, then fuel could leak out, and in the presence of an ignition source, there might be a fire.

    Hyundai says that the cause of this problem is: "The supplier used a prototype epoxy-bonded filter in place of the original laser-welded filter specified by design."

    On March 16, 2022, Hyundai Motor Company notified its North American division that a 2019 Nexo caught fire in South Korea after refueling at a hydrogen station. The company investigated the incident and found that material from the fuel inlet detached and allowed hydrogen to leak out. The owner heard an abnormal noise and opened the fuel filler door to investigate. The investigation suspected that static electricity from the person's hand discharged into the fuel cap and ignited the leaking hydrogen. This caused a fire. The fueling station had a fire suppression system that extinguished the blaze within seconds, according to Hyundai's submitted chronology. The investigation found this vehicle didn't have the proper, laser-welded fuel inlet receptacle filter. The automaker believes the case in South Korea is the only Nexo fire to come from this defect.
  17. forum rang 10 voda 19 april 2022 07:49
    HyTrucks Expands Hydrogen Transport in Europe

    Strategic Research Institute
    Published on :
    18 Apr, 2022, 6:30 am

    After the introduction of HyTrucks in the spring of 2020 more and more parties have expressed interest in joining this initiative and working together on freight transport based on hydrogen. The aim is to have at least 1,000 trucks in the Netherlands, Belgium and West Germany driving on hydrogen by 2025. The Port of Rotterdam has now been expanded to include 60 parties in three countries and is being implemented in close collaboration with the ports of Rotterdam, Antwerp and Duisburg. It concerns hydrogen suppliers, truck manufacturers, refuelling station operators, forwarders and shippers. Other parties are still applying to join.

    Along with electrification and other existing alternatives, clean hydrogen is needed in the energy mix to enable heavy road haulage to be emissions-free. With the developments in trucks and the network, it is possible to go long distances with a truck driving on hydrogen. This will make achieving the European climate goals and implementing and enforcing zero emissions in cities feasible. The transition to completely green hydrogen is an important precondition for this, which is being worked on jointly through policy and governmental support.

    HyTrucks is one of Europe’s largest projects aimed at developing hydrogen-powered trucks and the associated infrastructure. The project leads to improved air quality and a reduction in CO2 emissions of an estimated 100,000 tons, the equivalent of 110 million truck-kilometres.
  18. forum rang 10 voda 22 april 2022 07:07
    Allison Transmission Hydrogen Powered Refuse Collection Vehicle

    Strategic Research Institute
    Published on :
    22 Apr, 2022, 6:30 am

    Allison Transmission has been selected to provide the propulsion system for the UK’s first hydrogen fuel cell refuse collection vehicle. Aberdeen City Council has chosen to pair a 250 kW Hyzon electric motor with an Allison 3000 Series transmission in conjunction with a 45 kW fuel cell. The council’s decision to select the 3000 Series transmission is a testament to the capability of Allison’s dynamic portfolio of propulsion solutions, which can support and optimize emerging propulsion technologies such as hydrogen fuel cells.

    The RCV, which is powered by Aberdeen’s existing hydrogen infrastructure, has a range of 155 miles (250 km), enabling it to travel greater distances than existing electric vehicles. This range enables these refuse trucks to complete their route without returning to the depot to recharge. Aberdeen City Council’s innovative new hydrogen-powered refuse truck is based on the 4200 mm wheelbase HH-Mercedes-Benz Econic Hydrogen chassis and has a 15kg tank capacity at 350 bar and 140 kWh batteries at 700 volts.
  19. forum rang 10 voda 27 april 2022 07:58
    Upper Bavaria Orders 10 Solaris Hydrogen Buses

    Strategic Research Institute
    Published on :
    27 Apr, 2022, 6:30 am

    A total of 10 hydrogen-powered buses will be delivered to two clients in the Upper Bavaria region next year. 5 Urbino 12 hydrogen buses have been ordered by the carrier Busreisen Ettenhuber GmbH, and another 5 units will head to the bus company Martin Geldhauser GmbH & Co KG. Two private bus companies from Bavaria, Busreisen Ettenhuber GmbH and Martin Geldhauser GmbH & Co KG, have ordered a total of 10 Urbino 12 hydrogen buses. These state-of-the-art vehicles will enhance the emission-free public transport in the region of Glonn and Hofolding in Upper Bavaria. The deliveries are slated to be completed by March 2023.

    The bus companies have ordered 5 hydrogen buses each. The vehicles will feature similar technical parameters. Their drive unit will consist of an axle with integrated electric motors. A set of 70 kW cutting-edge fuel cells will be installed in each bus. The hydrogen will be stored in five tanks with a total volume of 1560 litres, boasting the best safeguards available on the market. Owing to the advanced technology used in them, the buses will be capable of covering at least 350 km on a single refill. These hydrogen-powered Solaris buses will also feature a relatively small Solaris High Power traction battery, whose role is to support the fuel cell at moments of increased demand for electricity.

    The buses will carry up to 34 seated passengers each. Also noteworthy is the fact that the hydrogen vehicles destined for Upper Bavaria will be equipped with the MobilEye Shield+ system, which helps to monitor the vehicle’s blind spot. If a pedestrian or a cyclist is detected in the blind spot, the system will warn the driver about it using both audible and light signals. The MobilEye Shield+ will also support the driver with its additional functionalities, such as traffic sign recognition, lane departure warning alerts and a passive braking assistant. Along with the buses, the carriers will also receive a remote diagnostics system called eSConnect, developed by Solaris. It will allow them to optimise the fleet’s operation by increasing its availability and the limiting downtime of the buses, as well as by preventing any unnecessary drives back to the bus depot.
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