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Swiss Steel Develops Ultrafine Grained High Strength Steel
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 7 Feb, 2023, 5:51 am Swiss Steel Group’s Steeltec in Düsseldorf has developed an innovative, alternative technology for producing ultra-fine grained, high strength and tough steel thanks to XTP. With Extreme Performance Technology Steeltec has found a way to produce an ultra fine grained and tough high-grade steel which makes the need for additional alloys and special treatment obsolete thanks to a controlled thermo mechanical processing phase. Systematic temperature control and alternative forming processes produce an extremely ultra-fine-grain microstructure with grain sizes of less than 5 µm. Thanks to consistent ongoing development of thermo mechanical process phases virtually any conventionally produced steel can undergo treatment and be considerably improved. In short, the formula is: heat+ force = ultrafine-grained steel. When subjecting steel to induction heating, the experts of the Swiss Steel Group use austenitization to determine material properties and grain size of the steel microstructure. The steel bar is then immediately cooled to the desired forming temperature and fed into the high-reduction roller unit. Steel produced in this way is noted for improved properties with better dynamic and mechanical characteristics, including: 1. Improved tensile strength of up to 2,050 MPa 2. Improved dynamic load capacity by at least 10 percent, leading to longer service life and higher operational safety 3. Significantly improved properties despite higher tensile strength 4. Formability and machinability 5. Components can be redimensioned without losing mechanical-technical properties making component design more flexible 6. Given the straightness of the bars, lengths of up to 8,000 (-0/+200) mm available with tolerances compliant to DIN EN ISO 286-2 h11 7. No thermal distortion and no need for additional heat treatment While XTP treated steel looks like conventional steel on the outside, its true excellence is hidden beneath the surface: the ultra-fine-grained steel microstructure provides an unprecedented level of material resistance and strength. This creates possibilities and paves the day to versatile designs and unconventional component engineering. XTP steel withstands even difficult challenges, such as intense vibration, high internal pressure or extreme cold. Even at ultra-low temperatures of minus 101 degree Celsius at which conventionally produced steel can become brittle and crack or break, the technically optimized steel grades have a high toughness, notched bar impact work of well over 27 joule in notched bar impact testing. Treatment with XTP technology guarantees the highest resistance to crack propagation. Steels suitable for XTP treatment are unalloyed steels, precipitation-hardened ferrite-pearlite steels, Bainitic steels, quenched and tempered steels, tool steels, Austenitic stainless steels, Ferritic stainless steels, and high-speed steels. Steel processing companies stick with the steel grades they are familiar with. Using the same chemical analysis, the properties of Swiss Steel Group steels are significantly optimized from the start thanks to XTP. The processor saves on elaborate, cost-intensive heat treatment. We solve quality problems with XTP technology. XTP-treated steel opens up entirely new possibilities for the following industries and applications: spring manufacturing, hydraulics, connectors and fasteners, refrigeration systems, lifting equipment and lifting gear, cable car and aerial lift systems, wind power, the railway industry, agriculture and forestry, as well as for oil and gas extraction and recovery.
Guardini Launches XBake PFAS Free Pans Using ArcelorMittal XCarb
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 7 Feb, 2023, 5:52 am A new range of bakeware with a reduced environmental impact has been launched at Ambiente in Frankfurt by market leader Guardini, together with partners ArcelorMittal, coated steel manufacturer Cooper Coated Coil and coatings manufacturer ILAG. The result of the four-way partnership and a three-year development process is XBake, a range of sustainable bakeware that is sourced with ArcelorMittal’s XCarb green steel certificates, and made with an innovative polyfluoroalkyl substances PFAS free, non -stick coating that was developed by ILAG and is applied to steel coils by Cooper Coated Coil. The result is XBake, a range of sustainable bakeware with a brand-new, non-stick coating that is free of per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances. Guardini was prompted to start the project to reduce their products’ environmental impact when customers started asking about the level of recycled content in the company’s bakeware. Although Guardini actively recycles the unused steel from its processes, the company’s management realised it was impossible to quantify the level of recycled content in the new steel it purchased. For the PFAS-free, non-stick coating, Guardini wanted to offer their customers a solution ahead of the potential PFAS restrictions in the EU and the US. Both the European Union and the USA are taking steps to consider a ban of these PFAS chemicals in various consumer applications, including bakeware and cookware. Guardini turned to Swiss-based producer of coatings ILAG to develop a completely new coating. Applying and testing the new coating to steel coils was the job of CCC, Guardini’s regular supplier of coated steels - which was a technical challenge. Today CCC buys the coils from ArcelorMittal with accompanying XCarb green steel certificates. The coils are then coated with the PFAS-free non-stick coating before they are sold to Guardini. CCC passes the certificates to Guardini with the coil. In addition to the reduced CO2 emissions and PFAS-free coating, the bakeware packaging is strictly FSC certified, and the production of the baking moulds 100% made in Italy and comes from an Italian and European supply chain.
Hungary’s PM Promises to Save Dunaferr
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 7 Feb, 2023, 5:52 am Portfolio has reported that Hungarian government will pay the wages of Hungarian integrated flat steel producer Dunaferr workers in the next six months, which is more than HUF 16 billion (USD 45 million). Hungarian Prime Minister Mr Viktor Orbán said “That should allow enough time for a suitable new owner to be found who can ensure reliable and stable operation at Dunaferr, an enterprise essential for Hungarian industry. In addition to the measure for the workers, the government will work in the coming months to become the owner of the Dunaújváros ironworks. We are working to save Dunaferr,” The 1.6 million tonnes per year steelworks has been idled since the third quarter of 2022, when it suspended its two blast furnaces, and went into administration about a month ago.
Former CM Mr Siddaramaiah Opposes Closure of SAIL VISL
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 7 Feb, 2023, 5:53 am The Hindu reported that on the day of Prime Minister Mr Narendra Modi’s visit to Karnataka, Indian National Congress former Chief Minister Mr Siddaramaiah condemned the Union government’s decision to shut down Visvesvaraya Iron & Steel Plant, a subsidiary of Steel Authority of India Limited, at Bhadravathi in Shivamogga district, and demanded the retraction of the closure of the plant. Mr Siddaramaiah, in a letter to Mr Modi, wrote “The plant is the source of pride and livelihood for lakhs of Kannadigas and is what gives Bhadravathi its identity. VISP’s closure will not just result in the foregoing of all of these, but also an indispensable part of the State’s history.” Mr Siddaramaiah alleged that the Center has been neglecting public sector undertakings and recently 13 PSUs have become non-functional. And close to 1,340 employees working on contract basis are worried of losing their jobs following the recent decision to close the unit citing financial losses.
Vesuvius Hit by Cyber Attack
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 7 Feb, 2023, 5:53 am London Stock Exchange listed global leader in molten metal flow engineering and technology principally serving process industries operating in challenging high temperature conditions, principally serving the steel and foundry, Vesuvius was hit by a cyber attack on 6 February 2022. Vesuvius said “The incident has involved unauthorized access to our systems. Immediately upon becoming aware of unauthorized activity on our networks, we have taken the necessary steps to investigate and respond to the incident, including shutting down affected systems. We are working with leading cyber security experts to support our investigations and identify the extent of the issue, including the impact on production and contract fulfillment.” Vesuvius added “We are taking steps to comply with all relevant regulatory obligations in light of the information that emerges from our ongoing investigations.” With 17 research centers across the globe and an annual investment of GBP 33.2 million in research and development, Vesuvius continues to lead innovation in our industry. From origins in Pittsburgh to the establishment of our newly opened R&D center for Advanced Refractories in Visakhapatnam in 2017, Vesuvius has always innovated for our customers, anticipating the development of breakthrough technology and processes. Today, Vesuvius is exploring new ways to integrate continuous data capture into solutions to give customers the insights they need.
Benteler & Tenaris Deal Scuttled after Justice Department Probe
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 7 Feb, 2023, 5:54 am US’s Justice Department’s Antitrust Division has confirmed that Benteler Steel & Tube Manufacturing has walked away from Tenaris’s planned USD 460 million take-over of Benteler’s tube manufacturing facility in Shreveport in Louisiana after it raised competition concerns about the deal. Justice Department’s Antitrust Division’s Assistant Attorney General Mr Jonathan Kanter said “A competitive oil and gas industry is vital to the US economy. The proposed acquisition would have eliminated Benteler as an independent competitor and threatened higher prices, lower quality, and less innovation in this market. I am grateful to the division’s hardworking staff who thoroughly investigated the transaction on behalf of the public.” The proposed transaction would have combined two domestic suppliers of seamless tubing and production casing, important types of steel pipe used in the extraction of oil and gas. The transaction would have increased concentration in an already concentrated industry, cementing Tenaris as the undisputed dominant player in the market. Tenaris is a Luxembourg corporation listed on the New York, Italian, and Mexican stock exchanges operating a global network of steelmaking, including several Oil Country Tabular Goods mills in the United States, primarily through its subsidiary Maverick Tube Corp. Benteler Steel & Tube Manufacturing operates a seamless steel pipe mill in Shreveport in Louisiana. Benteler is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Benteler International AG, a privately-owned company registered in Austria, which provides steel pipes and products and services used in automotive manufacturing.
Alacero Expects Latin Americans Steel Sector Recovery in 2023
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 7 Feb, 2023, 5:55 am The Latin American Steel association Alacero has highlighted that factors such as pandemic and war in Ukraine affected the sector in 2022 and inflationary pressures, currency restrictions and political uncertainties are challenges for 2023. Alacero said “Depreciation of Latin American currencies became the agenda as of May 2022. Linked to the appreciation of the dollar and the impacts of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, there is a reduction in the price of raw materials in general. However, in parallel, the Latin American industry presents a scenario of a moderate drop in demand.” Alacero’s Mr Alejandro Wagner said “Political uncertainties are also potential obstacles, which could interfere with the implementation of the structural reforms needed in the region. In 2023, the level of attention is increasing around expectations of lower global growth and less favorable financial conditions. Thus, a slow normalization of frictions in post-pandemic production chains would boost production growth in steel-consuming sectors. Therefore, we reinforce that the biggest challenges in 2023 for Latin American markets are increased inflationary pressures, additional foreign exchange constraints and political uncertainties.” Mr Alejandro Wagner added “Another factor contributing to the sector’s performance was the cost of gasoline, which rose steadily throughout 2022, impacting public transportation, government budgets and agriculture. Crude oil prices rose further in late February in response to the Russian invasion and subsequent Western sanctions. “Higher energy prices put pressure on government budgets as politicians try to keep costs down by limiting price increases, cutting taxes or increasing subsidies. These policies have drawbacks, including diverting budgets from other social spending. In other words, rising energy prices have different impacts on countries in the region, depending on their energy trade balance position and their refining capacity and favorable domestic prices.” The region’s apparent consumption, which in 2021 was 74.9 million tonnes up25.8%, after the first 8 months of the previous year, pointed to an expected drop of 9.5%, and should close at 67.8 million tonnes in 2022. Therefore, the region should close 2022 with 105 kg per capita, equal to the 2018-2019 average.
EUROFER Expects Improved Construction Industry Activity in 2023
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 7 Feb, 2023, 5:55 am European Steel Association EUROFER in latest Economic & Steel Market Outlook 2023-24 has outlined that European construction industry in the EU, the biggest steel using segment, has improved substantially after the lows experienced during pandemic, almost reaching 2018 levels in the course of 2021. EUROFER said “However, since February 2022 supply chain issues and the overall deterioration of the economic and industrial outlook have been starting to impact the sector. Confidence has also been declining from then on. Nonetheless, overall construction activity should continue to benefit, albeit at rather low rates, from governmental housing supporting schemes, as well as from public construction schemes. Their impact is expected to ease substantially in the course of 2023. EUROFER said “Construction output fell in 2020 down 4.8% due to the pandemic, and then rebounded in 2021 by 6.5%. The outlook for 2022 forecasts lower growth than previously estimated at 4.4%, reflecting a combination of bullish developments in the first half of the year and a considerable slowdown in the second. This negative trend is expected to worsen over the next three quarters, due to the long-lasting impact of rising prices, increasing scarcity of construction materials, and a shortage of construction workers. The overall economic slowdown due to the ongoing war in Ukraine is also expected to weigh on the construction sector, with drops between the fourth quarter of 2022 and the second quarter of 2023.”
JFE Steel Cuts Steel Output & Profit Guidance over Weak Demand
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 7 Feb, 2023, 5:55 am Japan’s second-biggest steelmaker JFE Steel has lowered its forecasts for crude steel output to 24 million tonnes from 25 million tonnes in financial year ending on 31 March 2023 and full year profit by JPY 5 billion to JPY 150 billion (USD 1.1 billion), blaming slack overseas prices and weak demand at home. JFE Holdings Executive Vice President Mr Masashi Terahata told “We have been facing a tough environment since last quarter with slow activity in Japan and delays in recovery in overseas markets” JFE Steel’s net profit fell 35.5% to JPY 144 billion in April-December 2022. Mr Terahata said “Despite lower output and slumping metal spread in China, we managed to improve our spread by raising product prices to pass on soaring expenses. For the current year, JFE expects average product prices to rise to JPY 131,000 a tonne, against JPY 103,700 a year earlier.”
Tata Steel Swings to Red in Oct-Dec’22 Quarter
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 7 Feb, 2023, 5:56 am India’s leading steelmaker has reported loss of INR 2502 crores in October-December 2022 quarter on consolidated basis, despite posting profit of INR 1,918 crores for Indian operations, signaling detoriating conditions in overseas operations. Tata Steel Chief Executive Officer & Managing Director Mr TV Narendran said “For the quarter, domestic deliveries were up 11% YoY and grew at a faster pace than India apparent steel consumption aiding in retaining market leadership position across chosen segments. Our crude steel production touched 5 million tons in 3QFY23 for the first time in India, with Neelachal Ispat Nigam limited commencing operations. We are presently expanding our capacities across multiple sites at Tata Steel Kalinganagar, Neelachal Ispat Nigam Limited and the Electric Arc Furnace at Ludhiana in Punjab and at our downstream plants across India.” ---------------------------------------------------- Tata Steel India – October-December 2023 Production - 5.00 million tonnes, up 4% YoY Deliveries - 4.74 million tonnes, up 7% YoY Turnover – INR 32,325 crores, down 4% YoY EBITDA - INR 4,982 crores, down 60% YoY EBITDA per tonne - INR 10,510 per tonne, down 63% YoY Profit after Tax - 1,918 crores, down 75% YoY Mr TV Narendran added “Moving to Europe, our deliveries were lower in 9MFY23 due to slowdown in demand. Recession concerns weighed on steel prices, which coupled with elevated energy costs affected our performance.” ------------------------------------------------------------- Tata Steel Consolidated – October-December 2023 Production - 7.56 million tonnes, down 3% YoY Deliveries - 7.15 million tonnes, up 2% YoY Turnover - INR 57,084 crores, down 6% YoY EBITDA - INR 4,154 crores, down 74% YoY EBITDA per tonne – INR 5,806 per tonne, down 74% YoY Profit after Tax – Minus INR 2,502 crores, down 126% YoY India includes Tata Steel Standalone and Tata Steel Long Products on proforma basis adjusted for intercompany purchase and sale Production numbers for consolidated financials are calculated using crude steel for India, liquid steel for Europe and saleable steel for SEA
5 Steel Mills in Pampanga Asked to Modernize to Reduce Pollution
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 7 Feb, 2023, 5:59 am The Inquirer has reported that San Simon Pampanga municipal council in Philippines has recently passed an ordinance ordering the five manufacturers of steel bars in the town to modernize production to minimize pollution amid complaints of ill effects on the residents’ health. The ordinance, which was passed by the council on 1 February aims to strengthen the modernization of companies smelting metal scraps in this town to reduce the impact on the environment. According to the ordinance, steel companies that would invest, install and modernize their manufacturing of steel billets based on the latest environmentally friendly technology would get incentives. Steel firms Altima, Melters, Wan Chiong, SKK and Real Steel Corp, have not filed opposition to the ordinance till 6 February. Altima, Melters, Wan Chiong and Real Steel Corp use induction furnaces to smelt scrap metals while SKK uses an electric arc furnace. The five companies make an average of 3,000 tonnes of steel bars daily The Environmental Management Bureau had sent a team to conduct site investigations and test air and water samples on Wan Chiong and Welters from 25-27 January, but it has yet to make public a report on the results or issue notices of violations.The Inquirer has reported that San Simon Pampanga municipal council in Philippines has recently passed an ordinance ordering the five manufacturers of steel bars in the town to modernize production to minimize pollution amid complaints of ill effects on the residents’ health. The ordinance, which was passed by the council on 1 February aims to strengthen the modernization of companies smelting metal scraps in this town to reduce the impact on the environment. According to the ordinance, steel companies that would invest, install and modernize their manufacturing of steel billets based on the latest environmentally friendly technology would get incentives. Steel firms Altima, Melters, Wan Chiong, SKK and Real Steel Corp, have not filed opposition to the ordinance till 6 February. Altima, Melters, Wan Chiong and Real Steel Corp use induction furnaces to smelt scrap metals while SKK uses an electric arc furnace. The five companies make an average of 3,000 tonnes of steel bars daily The Environmental Management Bureau had sent a team to conduct site investigations and test air and water samples on Wan Chiong and Welters from 25-27 January, but it has yet to make public a report on the results or issue notices of violations.
Tombador Iron & Trafigura to Supply Iron Ore to Asian market
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 7 Feb, 2023, 4:03 am Tombador Iron has announced that Trafigua has recently secured contracts for two export shipments of high-grade iron ore to be delivered to the Asian market in the March 2023 quarter. The contracts are for one lump and one fines shipment of approximately 45,000 wet metric tonnes each. These export shipments have been made possible through the possibility of loading larger vessels of 45,000 wet metric tonnes through the port of Enseada, located in Maragogipe, Bahia, Brazil. Tombador Iron Limited is a public company that owns 100% of the world-class Tombador iron ore project in Bahia State, Brazil.Tombador has a JORC certified Mineral Resource estimate. Tombador is commenced production of high grade iron ore from its open-cut mining operation in May 2021.
US scrap market kicks February off strongly
196 Views US February scrap trading kicked off towards the end of last week at higher prices for all grades, Kallanish notes. Although early bids in the Midwest were up by $20/gross ton from the previous month, scrap suppliers managed to conclude deals at around $30/gt higher for prime grades and shredded after a later round of bidding. The scrap market has found support from increasing export prices, harsh weather conditions and ongoing tight supply, as well as increasing steel prices. While prices are not yet fully settled and trading continued on Friday, some market participants find even higher prices achievable. On the US West Coast, the Taiwanese market returned strongly from the Spring Festival holiday last week. US-origin containerised HMS 1&2 80:20 offers are seen to have increased above $425/tonne cfr Taiwan on Monday, following deals at $410-420/t cfr last week. On the East Coast, Turkish mills’ demand for scrap remained strong last week with numerous scrap bookings in the market. Premium HMS 1&2 80:20 prices in the latest bookings stood at $425-428/t cfr levels. Two US-origin HMS 1&2 80:20 cargoes were then offered at $430-432/t cfr, while Turkish mills resisted prices at above $430/t. The market expects a slowdown in Turkish scrap demand as mills have almost covered their requirements for March-shipment cargoes. Two major earthquakes, resulting in thousands dying on Monday, have meanwhile hampered sentiment in Turkey. Burcak Alpman Turkey
Baowu Resources Dual Carbon Action Plan for Decarbonization
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 8 Feb, 2023, 6:21 am Chinese steel giant Baowu Resources has recently released the action plan for carbon peak and carbon neutrality, actively practicing the responsibility of resource guarantee in the green and low-carbon metallurgical supply chain, and striving to be the chain leader of the green and low-carbon resource supply chain. This is also another specific exploration and practice of Baowu Resources in the green and low-carbon development of the steel industry chain since the world's first iron ore pellet EPD on 1 January 2023. Baowu Resources aims to achieve low-carbon and zero-carbon operations in the production process, and strives to achieve a peak in carbon emission intensity in 2023 and a peak in total carbon emissions before 2030. In 2035, the total carbon emissions will be reduced by 25%, and by 2050, while the green metallurgical charge manufacturing process is greatly reduced, carbon dioxide capture, storage, utilization and carbon sink will be played to achieve carbon neutrality. The plan clarifies the basic principles of Baowu Resources' "dual carbon" work 1. Adhere to the overall planning of the production layout of international and domestic metallurgical raw materials 2. Promote the green coordinated development of metallurgical mines and the steel industry by providing high-quality green metallurgical raw materials for the steel industry 3. Adhere to key technological innovation and application, pay close attention to the energy-consuming nodes of iron concentrate, flux ore, pellet and other production processes and the high points of new energy technologies such as shipping and transportation, 4. Strive to achieve new breakthroughs in new green and low-carbon metallurgical charge technology 5. Adhere to smart manufacturing, through the construction of large raw materials smart supply chain platform and other specific actions, to achieve efficient use of resources and continuous improvement of the natural environment 6. Adhere to the strong foundation and improve efficiency, establish and improve the green and low-carbon management foundation and system, build an effective and efficient dual-carbon management team 7. Promote the formation of a good cycle of active carbon reduction, active carbon replacement, and active carbon sequestration. Baowu Resources' "dual carbon" work will focus on six key tasks First, coordinate the production capacity layout of mineral product processing bases, pellet ore and lime products to ensure the smelting and production needs of the steel industry. The second is to accelerate the upgrading of the energy structure, increase the proportion of clean energy such as green photovoltaic and wind energy, transform port shore power equipment, and realize the green and low-carbon transformation of energy. The third is to research and develop high-quality metallurgical charge products and comprehensive utilization products, carry out technical research on pellet reduction, low-grade ore quality improvement and impurity reduction, and efficient utilization of resources, continue to promote production process improvement and process optimization, and achieve the ultimate energy saving and carbon reduction in the whole process. The fourth is to vigorously promote smart manufacturing, introduce 5G, digital twin, Internet of Things and other technologies, improve the application of three-dimensional digital management and control technology for mining, establish an intelligent energy management and control platform covering all production and operation units, and realize the digitalization and intelligence of mining control. Fifth, actively carry out research on carbon asset management such as carbon quotas, carbon sinks, carbon trading, and the construction of green finance projects to enhance the competitiveness of the green economy. The sixth is to run the concept of green ecological civilization through the whole process of "dual carbon" management, carry out "dual carbon" knowledge training, increase the training of carbon asset management professionals, and improve the awareness of carbon reduction among all employees. In the next step, Baowu Resources will strengthen organizational leadership and system management, benchmark against advanced industry practices, further clarify the status quo of carbon emission management, clarify the carbon neutrality roadmap and the main work directions of each stage, improve carbon management capabilities, and ensure that the "dual carbon" goal is achieved on schedule.
SEAISI Steel Mega Event & Expo Unveils Roadmap for Steel Makers
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 8 Feb, 2023, 6:21 am SEAISI Steel Mega Event & Expo, an in-person conference and exhibition was held from 14-18 November 2022, during which two distinguished keynote speakers Worldsteel Association’s Director General Dr Edwin Basson and McKinsey’s Senior Partner Dr Karel Eloot provided insights into what is coming and what the industry should do next. Four megatrends accelerated after the pandemic 1. Climate Change - Super megatrend influencing all sectors 2. Technological Progress – Address issues such as carbon neutrality, wealth inequality and spreading of disease 3. Socioeconomic Changes – Demographic shifts such as aging population, bigger role of new generation and shifting of individual behaviours 4. Geopolitics – Hegemonic competition to multi-polar world order and energy-tech divide. With the megatrends triggering an enormous change to the industry, how will the landscape change and the challenges will the steel industry face for the next 30 years 1. Climate change, which will affect all sectors such as economy, society, politics and technology 2. Geopolitical rebalancing impacting supply chain, carbon pricing (and cross border measures) and global trade structure and regional trade 3. On steelmaking technologies, it is necessary for global steel production to meet both market needs and carbon reduction targets. The 3 routes of steelmaking process to achieve carbon neutrality are: BF-BOF to Scrap EAF (challenges are quality inputs and ability to achieve higher quality steel) BF BOF to Hydrogen DR EAF (challenges are availability of DR pellets and hydrogen) BF-BOF to BF-BOF & CCUS (with commercial feasibility of CCUS a major challenge) Urban development continues to be a critical area for the steel industry. There are four types of city archetypes, with differentiated changes in construction, mobility and energy landscape. Steel use pattern differ by cities. In developed / high income cities, steel use is expected to be flat in the future, unlike more prominent growth in developing cities. Dr. Basson foresees that steel demand for construction will continue to grow with its eco-friendliness and easy composition with other materials. Advanced Metropolises (high income, high density) – e.g., New York, London, Paris, Hong Kong Prosperous Low-Density Cities (high income, low density) – e.g., SF, Amsterdam, Brussels, Bonn Expanding Monocentric Cities (low income, high density) – e.g., Beijing, Bangkok, Mumbai, Istanbul Developing Scattered Cities (low income, low density) – e.g., Johannesburg, Manila, Rio de Janeiro Despite strong competition for light-weight materials, steel maintains its strong advantage with its clean process, recyclability and economic features. For steel businesses to thrive under rapidly changing urban area and mobility landscape, there is need to consider the megatrends while being able to understand the needs from the demand side, the necessary technologies for the future and understanding of how the value chain/ecosystem evolve. There is a future for the sustainable and resilient steelmaker, one that is eco-friendly and is a digital producer of smart, green and customised solutions. The Future Trends in ASEAN Steel Market Dr Karel Eloot forecasted that global demand for low carbon steel to increase exponentially by 2040: Global low carbon flat steel demand to grow at more than 15x in the next decade Low carbon flat steel demand to represent 15% of total flat steel demand in 2030 Demand to accelerate to 20% of total in 2040
California High Speed Rail Requires High Strength Steel Rails
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 8 Feb, 2023, 6:21 am Worldsteel in a blog has highlighted the steel demand potential in US on the backdrop of planned mega investments in improving transportation infrastructure by presenting the example of upcoming California High-Speed Rail Project, which plans to operate a 320kph bullet train line that connects San Francisco to the Los Angeles Basin in less than three hours. Initially running from San Francisco to LA, the system will eventually expand out to Sacramento and San Diego, with 24 stations spanning more than 1,200km. The high-speed line is the standard bearer for a state-wide modernization plan that will invest billions in local and regional rail. Due to the size of the project, and the diverse environmental conditions across the state, the work has been broken into 10 separate sections, with each undergoing its own environmental impact assessment. Phase one prioritizes the 830km span from Merced, San Francisco, to Anaheim in LA, with the current 10-hour trip expected to be brought down to just three hours. Stantec, the engineering firm responsible for delivering the project, are hopeful that it will be seen as an example for how other states can improve their infrastructure. Stantec’s transportation business line leader Mr Brian Norris said “High-speed rail is going to improve the transportation landscape in California, with the potential to impact transportation on a national level. We see the future of transportation as clean, green, and better designed for passengers and communities. California High-Speed Rail is a significant step in the right direction.” California High-Speed Rail Project is a transport revolution built on steel. High-speed rail offers the highest levels of commuter comfort and safety, combined with lowest environmental impact for long distance inter-city journeys. At the heart of this superior passenger experience are the high-strength, ultra-long steel rails that make high-speed train travel possible. The 320kph plus speeds that high-speed trains hit, put incredible demands on their system’s steel rails, with the highest quality manufacturing required in order to ensure they can endure the resulting wear, impact and fatigue resistance. Advanced manufacturing has also increased the length of individual rail sections, allowing for faster journeys that are smoother and quieter, for passengers as well as the environments through which the trains travel.
Hammett Steel Sold to Steelcon Fabrication
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 8 Feb, 2023, 6:22 am Leading mergers & acquisitions advisory firm Kreshmore has announced its role as advisor to Hammett Steel in their cross-border sale to Canada-based Steelcon Fabrication. The transaction was led by Kreshmore’s Anthony Lazzara in partnership with FIFE Commercial Real Estate. The acquisition closed on 31 January 2023. Specific terms of the transaction were not disclosed. Hammett Steel, located in Columbus in Georgia, is a AISC certified structural and miscellaneous steel building fabricator serving customers all throughout the Continental United States. Founded in 1965, Hammett provides steel for industrial, commercial, & residential applications, projects both large and small. The company has experience in a wide-range of steel fabrication including design-build, renovations, additions, and free-standing buildings. Steelcon, headquartered in Brampton in Ontario, is a group of structural steel companies that design, fabricate, and build industrial, commercial, institutional, and multi-residential steel structures. Their projects range from small-scale projects to transit infrastructure to the most complex and challenging structures. Steelcon has extensive industry experience and a diverse portfolio of iconic projects. Founded in 2002, the company prides itself on being “builders”, meaning that they plan and design with constructability as the top priority.
Oryx Stainless Cuts More Carbon Emissions
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 8 Feb, 2023, 6:22 am As the demand for stainless steel continues to rise, a responsible and efficient use of limited global resources is becoming increasingly important. One option for steelmakers to save greenhouse gases is to produce new stainless steel from high-quality secondary raw material blends instead of primary raw materials. Secondary raw materials are upgraded by combining differently alloyed stainless steel scrap to produce blends. These blends being in accordance with the technical specifications needed are used in steel mills as the main inputs in an electric arc furnace process. To a small extent, ferroalloys can be used for analytical fine-tuning. As early as 2010, Fraunhofer UMSICHT researchers determined a savings potential of more than 4.5 t CO2 per ton of blend on behalf of the Oryx Stainless Group. More recent calculations by the UMSICHT team even come to savings of over 6.7 t CO2 per ton of blend for the reference year 2021. The results show: The recycling of stainless steel scrap has great potential to save greenhouse gases. In the project, the UMSICHT researchers have now calculated the greenhouse gas balance of the recycling of stainless steel from the Oryx Stainless Group at the Dordrecht and Mülheim an der Ruhr sites, analogous to the study structure of 2010, for the reference year 2021. The results show that compared with the calculation at that time, the greenhouse gas savings continue to increase. A corresponding study for the site in Thailand is in progress at UMSICHT. Total savings by the Oryx Stainless Group at the two sites in 2021 amount to around 3,015,000 t CO2 –eq, approximately one million metric tons CO2 eq. more than in 2009 (2,026,000 t CO2 eq.). One reason is the comparatively higher output volume. The average weighted savings have also increased to 6.7 t CO2 eq./t blend in 2021. Thus, the results also retroactively show larger savings for the year 2009. Founded in 1990, the Oryx Stainless Group, with its parent company Oryx Stainless Holding, is one of the world's leading trade organisations for raw materials in the production of high quality stainless steels. The focus of the company's business activities is on the handling and processing of stainless steel scrap into Oryx Stainless Blends. These secondary raw material blends, individually fine tuned for each stainless steel producer replace, above all, primary raw materials.
Tianjin Pipe May Sell Texas Seamless Pipe Mill – Report
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 8 Feb, 2023, 6:22 am Bloomberg, citing people familiar with the situation, has reported that Chinese state backed maker of seamless steel pipe Tianjin Pipe is considering selling its Gregory Texas based seamless pipe mill for at least USD 1.3 billion and is gauging interest mostly from industry peers based in the US. Sources said “Deliberations are preliminary and Tianjin Pipe could still decide to keep the asset.” After studying potential sites beginning in 2007, Tianjin Pipe selected the 410 acre site near Corpus Christi, and planned to invest more than USD 1 billion in the seamless steel pipe manufacturing facility. The second phase of the site’s development, which could employ as many as 600 workers, was targeted for completion in 2019. Tianjin Pipe is one of the largest seamless pipe makers in China with an annual production capacity of 3.5 million tonnes.
Aartee Bright Bar in UK goes into Administration
Strategic Research Institute Published on : 8 Feb, 2023, 6:22 am Sky News has reported that West Midlands-based Aartee Bright Bar, which employs 250 people, has drafted in Alvarez & Marsal to handle an insolvency process. Alvarez & Marsal joint administrator Mr Michael Magnay told Sky News “Like many businesses in its sector, Aartree Bright Bar has been facing significant headwinds as a result of the challenging economic environment and fluctuating steel prices. Against this backdrop, Administrators have been appointed and we are exploring the options available to preserve value." US-based financier FGI has called in administrators Alvarez & Marsal on UK bright bar producer Aartee Bright Bar. The FGI charge on Aartee assets was registered on 30 April 2021, according to Companies House filings. The charged securities under the agreement include Aartee Steel Group, Aartee Steel Operations, Aartee Steel Holdings and Aar Tee Industries Holdings UK. Aartee's previous funder, RBS Invoice Finance, withdrew its support for the company in 2020. After this, the company said there was uncertainty over whether Bright Bar could continue as a going concern. Aartee is owned by Mr Ravi Trehan, a former director of UK steel producer Liberty Steel Newport, other Liberty companies, and a number of entities linked closely with the Gupta Family Group Alliance. Mr Trehan also previously had a minority stake in Liberty Commodities. Mr Gianpiero Repole, former director of Liberty Commodities and business development manager at GFG, left his role as chief executive of Aartee Bright Bar in August 2022.
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